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Easter Traditions in Latin America

03/29/2018 06:00AM | 3445 views

By Alexandra Ochoa

The Catholic tradition still prevails in Latin America, in spite of the arrival of new religions and different spiritual practices that have become popular among the younger generations of Latinos.

Holy Week or Great Week is Catholicism’s most important celebration, perhaps even more so than Christmas, since the foundation of the Christian faith is celebrated this week. The tradition restricts red-meat consumption during this week; fasting from Good Friday to Holy Saturday is even advised.

Latin American families who follow the religion usually go to church every day starting on Palm Sunday. People visit the seven temples on Holy Thursday, the crucifixion is observed on Friday, Saturday is a day for solitude, and the resurrection is celebrated on Sunday, when all fasting is broken.

Among the traditional dishes used to break the fast: the popular rosca de Pascua (Easter bread ring), a Spanish baking tradition – adopted thanks to the influence of Spanish immigrants in Uruguay and Argentina – that is widely consumed during this season.

Also originating in Spain, the potaje de la vigilia (Spanish fasting soup), whose main ingredients include codfish, spinach and chickpeas. Although the tradition treats Good Friday as a day of fasting, this is perhaps the favorite dish for that day in countries like Colombia, Uruguay and Argentina.

There’s also ceviche, which – even though it is consumed all year long in Peru – is a must-have during Holy Week, as are dishes containing codfish, fried fish and chicharrón de pescado (fish fritters), served with a delicious chupe de camarones (shrimp chowder).

Codfish, tuna or seafood empanadas are also very popular during this season across Latin America, especially in Chile and Argentina.

In Paraguay, chipa (cheese rolls) is essential during Holy Week. It’s a bun made with cassava starch, milk, eggs, hard cheese, lard and salt.

In El Salvador and other Central American countries, tortas de pescado (fish cakes) are very widely consumed. These are made with salted fish wrapped in a seasoned batter, which is then fried and added to a cabbage and vegetable soup.

In Dominican Republic, habichuelas con dulce (sweet cream of beans) is mainly consumed on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday. It’s made with red beans, sugar, coconut milk, cinnamon, sweet potatoes and served with cookies.

Fanesca (spring soup) is a traditional Holy Week dish from Ecuador, a sort of soup made with vegetables, codfish and grains, and served with molo (similar to mashed potatoes) and dulce de higos (candied figs).

In Mexico, a strong Catholic tradition is combined with one of the most delicious cuisines in Latin America. The end result: tortas de camarón con nopales (shrimp and cactus fritters), chiles rellenos (stuffed chilies), sopa de habas (fava bean soup), fish, tortas de Charales (Charales fritters) and capirotada (Mexican bread pudding), among other delicious dishes.

Holy Week is a time for spiritual reflection and renewal. What better way to celebrate our faith and tradition than spending time with our family and – why not – enjoying our delicious gastronomic roots at the table?

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